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Identification of the gene responsible for a new form of adult muscular dystrophy

22.01.2010
A study published in today's online edition the American Journal of Human Genetics, allowed the first identification of a new form of adult onset muscular dystrophy.

The research team led by Dr. Bernard Brais, neurogeneticist at the Research Centre of the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM) and associate professor, Université de Montréal, in collaboration with European collaborators, demonstrated that recessive ANO5 mutations will lead to abnormal membrane repair of muscle fibers.

The continuous stress induced by contractions of muscles lead to tears of its membrane that need to be rapidly repaired. ''An understanding of how the loss of AN05 will lead to defective membrane repair will lead to better treatments of all muscular dystrophies were such abnormal process play a role. '', notes Dr. Brais.

In all the patients in the study, the researchers identified in all patients two recessive mutations inherited from both healthy parents. French Canadian cases were found to develop proximal limb girdle muscular dystrophy, usually in the thirties, while European cases developed a more distal non-dysferlin Miyoshi Myopathy (MMD3). One mutation appears to be more frequent in the Quebec population.

This is the first time Quebec researchers both describe a new form of muscular dystrophy and identify its causal gene.

Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is the name for a group of neuromuscular disorders that are characterized by progressive weakness and wasting of the voluntary muscles that control body movement. As muscle tissue weakens and wastes away, it is replaced by fatty and connective tissue.*

This study was supported by grants from the American Muscular Dystrophy (MDA) founded more than 50 years ago by Jerry Lewis, Muscular Dystrophy Campaign (United Kingdom) and the Jain Foundation.

*Muscular Dystrophy Canada

Montreal, Canada, January 21, 2010 - A study published in today's online edition the American Journal of Human Genetics, is the first to identify a new form of adult onset muscular dystrophy. The research team led by Dr. Bernard Brais, neurogeneticist at the Research Centre of the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM) and associate professor at the Université de Montréal, in collaboration with European scientists, demonstrated that recessive ANO5 mutations lead to abnormal membrane repair of muscle fibres.

The continuous stress induced by such muscle contractions lead to membrane tears that need to be rapidly repaired. ''An understanding of how the loss of AN05 will lead to defective membrane repair will lead to better treatments of all muscular dystrophies where such abnormal process play a role,'' notes Dr. Brais.

All participants of the study had two recessive mutations inherited from healthy parents that were identified by the scientific team. French Canadian cases were found to develop proximal limb girdle muscular dystrophy, usually in their 30s, while European cases developed a more distal non-dysferlin Miyoshi Myopathy (MMD3). Researchers also found one mutation that appears to be more frequent in the Quebec population.

This study represents the first time Quebec researchers both describe a new form of muscular dystrophy and identify its causal gene.

Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is the name for a group of neuromuscular disorders that are characterized by progressive weakness and wasting of the voluntary muscles that control body movement. As muscle tissue weakens and wastes away, it is replaced by fatty and connective tissue (Muscular Dystrophy Canada).

Partners in research:

This study was supported by grants from the American Muscular Dystrophy (MDA) founded more than 50 years ago by Jerry Lewis, the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign (United Kingdom) and the Jain Foundation.

Source:
Nicole Beaulieu, M.A., ARP, FRSCP
Director of Communications
Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal
Information:
Nathalie Forgue, M.A.
Communications Officer
514 890-8000, Ext. 14342
Pager : 514 801-5762
About the study:
- from 12:00: www.cell.com/AJHG/
or call Nathalie Forgue
About CRCHUM: www.crchum.qc.ca
About CHUM: www.chumontreal.qc.ca
About Université de Montréal: www.umontreal.ca

Nathalie Forgue | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.umontreal.ca

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