Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

HIV Infection in Childhood

03.09.2008
British Paediatric Surveillance Unit data confirms HIV antenatal screening policies are reducing the rate of mother to child transmission

A surveillance study of HIV Infection in Childhood found that reported births to HIV infected women have increased substantially since 2000 – but the proportion of infants who are themselves infected has declined.

Data collected through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU) – part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health – is central to monitoring paediatric HIV infection in the UK and Ireland.

Findings from the National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) show that, since the universal implementation of routine antenatal HIV screening policies, most infected pregnant women are diagnosed in time to take advantage of effective interventions which reduce the rate of mother to child transmission to less than 1 per cent.

The HIV Infection in Childhood study and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Bacteraemia in Children (investigations carried out by the Department of Health and Health Protection Agency respectively) are just two of the highlights in the BPSU Annual Report for 2007-2008. Now in its 22nd year the BPSU has facilitated the study of over 70 paediatric conditions and continues to contribute to public health policy in the UK.

The BPSU, which is part funded by the Department of Health, enables paediatricians in the UK and Ireland to participate in the surveillance of infections and infection-related conditions and promote the study of uncommon disorders.

The MRSA study aimed to document the number of MRSA blood stream infections in children in the UK and Ireland and the clinical features and patterns. There were 265 cases of MRSA blood stream infections reported over a two year period. The study found that MRSA bacteaemia in children is relatively uncommon in contrast to adults, accounting for only 1-2 per cent of MRSA blood stream infections in patients of all ages. The cases reported were primarily very young children with risk factors that that made them prone to infection. The strains of MRSA found were types that are associated with healthcare settings. These findings have implications for future control measures aimed at reducing further infection.

Professor Allan Colver, Chair, BPSU Executive Committee:

“This year’s annual report looks at a wide range of diseases in children – from congenital rubella to HIV. The BPSU aims to gain knowledge about rare diseases in order to improve child healthcare and we are grateful to all the paediatricians who have taken part in the surveillance. None of this would be possible without their commitment.”

Dr Patricia Hamilton, President, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health:

“As part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health the BPSU has a vital role in improving children’s healthcare. It continues to increase understanding of rare diseases in children, as well as contributing to prevention and treatment. We are proud of this internationally respected research unit.”

Ella Wilson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.rcpch.ac.uk

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology

nachricht Pan-European study on “Smart Engineering”
30.03.2017 | IPH - Institut für Integrierte Produktion Hannover gGmbH

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A Challenging European Research Project to Develop New Tiny Microscopes

The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.

To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

'On-off switch' brings researchers a step closer to potential HIV vaccine

30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine

Penn studies find promise for innovations in liquid biopsies

30.03.2017 | Health and Medicine

An LED-based device for imaging radiation induced skin damage

30.03.2017 | Medical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>