Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


HIV Infection in Childhood

British Paediatric Surveillance Unit data confirms HIV antenatal screening policies are reducing the rate of mother to child transmission

A surveillance study of HIV Infection in Childhood found that reported births to HIV infected women have increased substantially since 2000 – but the proportion of infants who are themselves infected has declined.

Data collected through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU) – part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health – is central to monitoring paediatric HIV infection in the UK and Ireland.

Findings from the National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) show that, since the universal implementation of routine antenatal HIV screening policies, most infected pregnant women are diagnosed in time to take advantage of effective interventions which reduce the rate of mother to child transmission to less than 1 per cent.

The HIV Infection in Childhood study and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Bacteraemia in Children (investigations carried out by the Department of Health and Health Protection Agency respectively) are just two of the highlights in the BPSU Annual Report for 2007-2008. Now in its 22nd year the BPSU has facilitated the study of over 70 paediatric conditions and continues to contribute to public health policy in the UK.

The BPSU, which is part funded by the Department of Health, enables paediatricians in the UK and Ireland to participate in the surveillance of infections and infection-related conditions and promote the study of uncommon disorders.

The MRSA study aimed to document the number of MRSA blood stream infections in children in the UK and Ireland and the clinical features and patterns. There were 265 cases of MRSA blood stream infections reported over a two year period. The study found that MRSA bacteaemia in children is relatively uncommon in contrast to adults, accounting for only 1-2 per cent of MRSA blood stream infections in patients of all ages. The cases reported were primarily very young children with risk factors that that made them prone to infection. The strains of MRSA found were types that are associated with healthcare settings. These findings have implications for future control measures aimed at reducing further infection.

Professor Allan Colver, Chair, BPSU Executive Committee:

“This year’s annual report looks at a wide range of diseases in children – from congenital rubella to HIV. The BPSU aims to gain knowledge about rare diseases in order to improve child healthcare and we are grateful to all the paediatricians who have taken part in the surveillance. None of this would be possible without their commitment.”

Dr Patricia Hamilton, President, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health:

“As part of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health the BPSU has a vital role in improving children’s healthcare. It continues to increase understanding of rare diseases in children, as well as contributing to prevention and treatment. We are proud of this internationally respected research unit.”

Ella Wilson | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Diagnoses: When Are Several Opinions Better Than One?
19.07.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

nachricht High in calories and low in nutrients when adolescents share pictures of food online
07.04.2016 | University of Gothenburg

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

Im Focus: Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics

'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.

Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia

21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions

21.10.2016 | Information Technology

From ancient fossils to future cars

21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>