Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Heart attack survivors from poorer neighborhoods get less exercise

02.08.2011
According to new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Engaging in physical activity after a heart attack is known to increase the odds of survival. In a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from the Israel Study Group on First Acute Myocardial Infarction found that myocardial infarction (MI) survivors who lived in low socioeconomic status (SES) neighborhoods engaged in lower levels of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) compared to survivors from wealthier neighborhoods.

"Neighborhood SES is a powerful predictor of LTPA levels, beyond individual SES and clinical factors," commented lead investigator Yariv Gerber, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University. "Recommendations for physical activity should be supported by appropriate infrastructure, and the provision of free or low-cost sports facilities in areas of deprivation. Exercise-based rehabilitation should be available to all MI survivors, with special efforts made to encourage participation in patients from deprived neighborhoods…Further research should investigate provision of services for MI survivors in order to reduce inequalities in post-MI health."

Investigators followed 1,410 MI patients for more than 10 years to determine whether those living in disadvantaged neighborhoods were less likely to engage in LTPA. This association was strongest in the first 5 years following MI. Neighborhood SES was a powerful predictor of LTPA levels, remaining so after extensive adjustment for individual SES and baseline clinical profile. Overall engagement in LTPA was poor for all patients, with 33-37% reporting no activity and 19-27% reporting only irregular activity during follow-up.

Few studies prior to this have examined the relationship between SES and activity patterns in an unhealthy population using longitudinal research with repeated observations over a long period of time. Structured interviews were conducted approximately 1 week after initial hospitalization and subsequently 3-6 months, 1-2 years, 5 years, and 10-13 years after MI in order to collect individual demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical data. LTPA during follow-up was assessed by a self-reported questionnaire.

The article is "Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status and Leisure-Time Physical Activity After Myocardial Infarction" by Yariv Gerber, PhD, Vicki Myers, MSc, Uri Goldbourt, PhD, Yael Benyamini, PhD, and Yaacov Drory, MD (doi: 10.1016/j.ampere.2011.05.016). It appears in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 41, Issue 3 (September 2011) published by Elsevier.

AJPM Editorial Office | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.elsevier.com

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electron highway inside crystal

Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.

Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth

09.12.2016 | Life Sciences

Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon

09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation

Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution

09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>