Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Few Operations for Epilepsy despite Their Safety and Efficacy

26.11.2014

A study at Sahlgrenska Academy has found that epilepsy surgery is a safe, effective and low-risk procedure. Nevertheless, few Swedes have the operation, and those who are interested may have to wait a long time for presurgical counseling.

The study at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, was based on the Swedish National Epilepsy Surgery Register, which includes all cases since 1990. The researchers reviewed data for the 865 patients who were operated on at Sweden's six epilepsy surgery clinics from 1996 to 2010.


Few Operations for Epilepsy despite Their Safety and Efficacy

University of Gothenburg

The purpose of surgery is to enable a person with severe epilepsy to be free of seizures or to reduce their frequency to the point that (s)he can enjoy better quality of life.

Downward trend
Only 3% (25) of the patients suffered lasting complications. A comparison with a previous study showed that the complication rate had trended downward.

The Gothenburg study is one of many that have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of epilepsy surgery. A long-term follow-up study in 2013 based on the Swedish National Epilepsy Surgery Register found that more than 60% of adults were free of seizures 5-10 years after surgery.

20 year waiting line
Despite the encouraging data, only 50-60 procedures are performed in Sweden every year. Studies show that it takes an average of 20 years for a patient with treatment-resistant epilepsy to be referred for presurgical counseling.

"One possible reason that it takes so long is that doctors may erroneously believe that surgery is a high-risk procedure," says Johan Bjellvi, a researcher at Sahlgrenska Academy. "Our study has made an important contribution by demonstrating that the risk of complications is very low."

Another problem is that many patients do not even know that surgery is an option.

Raise awarness
The Gothenburg epilepsy surgery team is participating in an EU project to raise awareness and increase the availability of these procedures throughout Europe. One goal is to develop a new classification system for complications of epilepsy surgery.

"If we are going to further minimize the risk of operating, the potential adverse effects must be described in a uniform manner," Dr. Bjellvi says. "The EU project is designing a website for use by both doctors and patients in 17 countries."

The article Complications of Epilepsy Surgery in Sweden 1996-2010: a Prospective, Population-based Study was published online by the Journal of Neurosurgery in October.

Link to summary: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25361484

Feel free to contact:
Dr. Johan Bjellvi, researcher at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg
Phone +46 31-3429079
Phone +46 709-301420
johan.bjellvi@vgregion.se

EPILEPSY FACTS
Epilepsy manifests as seizures, with or without causing convulsions or affecting consciousness. Seizures are due to transient disturbances of the brain's neural electrical impulses. The cause may be temporary or permanent brain damage but cannot always be determined. Approximately 1% of Swedes are predisposed to experience recurring epileptic seizures. Both drugs and surgical methods are available to relieve the symptoms.

The purpose of surgery is to enable the patient to be free of seizures, to minimize their frequency or to reduce their severity by preventing involvement of larger areas of the brain. Many different procedures are available. Anterior temporal lobectomy is the most common. The purpose of certain other procedures is to limit the diffusion pathways of epileptic activity.


Weitere Informationen:

http://sahlgrenska.gu.se/english/news_and_events/news/News_Detail//few-operations-for-epilepsy-despite-their-safety-and-efficacy.cid1246067

Krister Svahn | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

Further reports about: Epilepsy Gothenburg Sahlgrenska enable epilepsy surgery epileptic quality of life reduce

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Real-time feedback helps save energy and water
08.02.2017 | Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg

nachricht The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Safe glide at total engine failure with ELA-inside

On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded after a glide flight with an Airbus A320 in ditching on the Hudson River. All 155 people on board were saved.

On January 15, 2009, Chesley B. Sullenberger was celebrated world-wide: after the two engines had failed due to bird strike, he and his flight crew succeeded...

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

New technology offers fast peptide synthesis

28.02.2017 | Life Sciences

WSU research advances energy savings for oil, gas industries

28.02.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Who can find the fish that makes the best sound?

28.02.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>