’My results confirm previous findings pointing to increased anglicisation in the workplace and that companies tend to take for granted that their employees are proficient in both written and spoken English,’ says the author of the thesis Vivianne Apelman, who is also involved in language education at Chalmers University of Technology.
Apelman has explored how Swedish engineers at one small and ten large companies in western Sweden use English in the workplace, with a focus on written English. Her results are based on a survey completed by 89 participants, ten interviews and an analysis of various types of documents written in English.
’I wanted to find out what types of texts engineers write and then look at what strategies they use to develop a text and what level of proficiency they need. Knowing these things may help improve the way we teach English to engineering students,’ says Apelman.
The results show that more than half of all survey respondents and all interviewees write in English on a daily basis. E-mails were indicated to be the text type that requires the lowest level of English proficiency, whereas instructions and reports were considered to require a very high level of proficiency. Apelman also looked at the role of gender, but found that the writing tasks were linked to position in the organisation and not to gender.Most interviewees prefer to write for example a report in English rather than in Swedish since they feel that certain words and expressions are easier to identify in English than in Swedish. Apelman concludes that this indicates that Swedish is in a process of losing its usefulness in technical writing. This phenomenon, called a domain loss, has been observed in other areas as well.
Although containing a relatively large number of grammatical errors, the analysed documents seem to be communicatively effective, most likely as a result of the authors’ ability to apply discourse conventions such as expected thematic structures.
The thesis has been successfully defended.Title of the thesis: English at Work. The communicative situation of engineers
Helena Aaberg | idw
Multi-year study finds 'hotspots' of ammonia over world's major agricultural areas
17.03.2017 | University of Maryland
Diabetes Drug May Improve Bone Fat-induced Defects of Fracture Healing
17.03.2017 | Deutsches Institut für Ernährungsforschung Potsdam-Rehbrücke
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy