Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Drug dramatically reduces nausea and vomiting in bone marrow transplant patients

01.03.2010
Bone marrow transplant patients say two of the most debilitating side effects of the treatment are nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and radiation.

But a Loyola University Health System study has found the drug aprepitant can dramatically reduce both nausea and vomiting when combined with other anti-nausea drugs.

Seventy-three percent of patients receiving aprepitant experienced no vomiting during the study period, compared with 23 percent of patients who received a placebo. (Both groups also received a standard anti-nausea drug.) Forty-nine percent of aprepitant patients experienced no vomiting and little or no nausea, compared with 15 percent of the placebo group.

Dr. Patrick Stiff presenting findings at the 2010 BMT Tandem Meetings in Orlando, Fla. His study received a Best Abstract Award from the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research, one of two organizations sponsoring the meetings. The other sponsor is the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Aprepitant (brand name Emend®) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2003 to help prevent and control vomiting and nausea from chemotherapy. However, there previously had been only a few small studies on the benefit of aprepitant in bone marrow transplant patients, who receive higher doses of chemotherapy than most other cancer patients. "We did not know how effective aprepitant would be for bone marrow transplant patients," Stiff said. "We now believe this should become a standard part of patients' care."

Bone marrow transplant patients say nausea/vomiting is the second-worst side effect of the treatment. (The only thing worse is mouth and throat sores.) Patients can throw up three to five times a day for a week or longer.

Other anti-nausea/vomiting drugs work by blocking signals from the stomach. But signals from the brain still can make a patient queasy. Aprepitant acts to block nausea/vomiting signals from the brain, and is taken together with drugs that block signals from the stomach.

In Stiff's Phase III, blinded, prospective study, 90 bone marrow transplant patients were randomly assigned to receive aprepitant and 89 patients were randomly assigned to receive a placebo.

The aprepitant group did not experience significantly more side effects than the placebo group. Aprepitant also had no meaningful impact on the success of the transplant, relapse rates or overall survival.

Bone marrow transplants are used to treat such diseases as leukemia, lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. Patients receive high-dose chemotherapy to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy also kills immune system cells. So patients receive infusions of donated bone marrow cells that develop into healthy new immune cells.

Loyola has the largest bone marrow transplant program in Illinois. "One of the main themes of our research is to make bone marrow transplants more patient-friendly," Stiff said. "Transplants are much more comfortable and easier to tolerate than they were a few years ago."

Previous studies at Loyola were instrumental in showing the effectiveness of the drug palifermin in preventing mouth and throat sores in transplant patients.

Stiff is director of Loyola's Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center and lead author of the study. Co-authors, all at Loyola, are Mary Fox-Geiman, PharmD; Karen Kiley, MSN, NP; Nancy Porter, MSN; Donna Fletcher-Gonzalez, PharmD; Scott Smith, MD, PhD and Tulio Rodriguez, MD.

The study was supported in part by a research grant from the Investigator-Initiated Studies Program of Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Jim Ritter | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.lumc.edu

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Real-time feedback helps save energy and water
08.02.2017 | Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg

nachricht The Great Unknown: Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
19.01.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Biocompatible 3-D tracking system has potential to improve robot-assisted surgery

17.02.2017 | Medical Engineering

Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers

17.02.2017 | Medical Engineering

Antibiotic effective against drug-resistant bacteria in pediatric skin infections

17.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>