Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Crisis of Illicit Alcohol in Central and Eastern Europe

19.11.2008
The consumption of illicit or noncommercial alcohol is widespread in central and eastern Europe (CEE) and contributes significantly to the region’s high levels of alcohol-related problems, according to a new report released today by the International Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP).

While illegal alcohol consumption in western Europe (WE) is relatively low, the report finds the level of noncommercial alcohol in CEE is so high that it renders statistics on official alcohol sales nearly useless.

“The extensive use of noncommercial alcohol takes an enormous toll on the health and welfare of people in central and eastern European countries,” says Yury Razvodovsky, MD, lead author and professor at Grodno State Medical University in Belarus. “The burden associated with problem drinking in this region is the highest in the world, and the prevalence of illicit alcohol is a major contributing factor.”

The report, Noncommercial Alcohol in Three Regions, says the high alcohol-related mortality in CEE countries is caused to a considerable degree by the extensive use of noncommercial alcohol.

The report defines noncommercial alcohol as traditional beverages produced for home consumption or limited local trade, counterfeit or unregistered products, and nonbeverage – or surrogate – alcohols.

Highlights from the report include:

• In Ukraine, unrecorded or noncommercial alcohol consumption exceeds recorded alcohol consumption (10.5 vs. 6.09 per capita consumption in liters, respectively)

• Noncommercial alcohol accounts for more than half of the total alcohol consumption in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Republic of Moldova, and Slovenia

• Noncommercial alcohol accounts for nearly half of the total alcohol consumption in Belarus, Croatia, Romania, and the Russian Federation

The report finds the main source of noncommercial alcohol is home production. Noncommercial drinks, while significantly cheaper than their commercial counterparts, may fall below quality standards for human consumption and may contain harmful impurities.

Higher levels of noncommercial consumption in CEE, compared to WE, may be the result of a lower standard of living and a lack of comprehensive and flexible alcohol policies in CEE.

The report concludes that strategies to reduce the prevalence of noncommercial alcohol in CEE should include cross-sector efforts by the government, NGOs, public health workers, and representatives of the alcohol industry.

The full report may be found at ICAP’s web site: http://icap.org/Publication/ICAPReviews/tabid/158/Default.aspx

Brian Ruberry | alfa
Further information:
http://icap.org/Publication/ICAPReviews/tabid/158/Default.aspx

More articles from Studies and Analyses:

nachricht Smart Data Transformation – Surfing the Big Wave
02.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

nachricht Climate change could outpace EPA Lake Champlain protections
18.11.2016 | University of Vermont

All articles from Studies and Analyses >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

NTU scientists build new ultrasound device using 3-D printing technology

07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

The balancing act: An enzyme that links endocytosis to membrane recycling

07.12.2016 | Life Sciences

How to turn white fat brown

07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>