The problem can be solved through family policies that are adapted to people’s need for economic security outside the family.
‘If the goal is to make women have more children, you need to enable them to combine children and work,’ says Kokkonen.
Kokkonen’s study also points to the strong effect of family policies on when in life people decide to form a family.‘Earlier studies have missed that people form families earlier in life in countries with family policies centred around the individual. It also turns out that more families are formed in these countries. The reason is that people dare to move in together and plan a family even if they are not sure that the relationship will last. People in more traditional countries are more hesitant in this respect,’ says Kokkonen.
This also implies that families formed in countries with family policies centred around the individual are not as stable as families formed elsewhere. Subsidised child care and paid parental leave increase the divorce rate.
Andrej Kokkonen’s study is based on data from the European Social Survey.
The thesis ” Bedroom Politics. How family policies affect women’s fertility and union formation decisions” has been successfully defended on September the 23rd 2011.For further information, please contact: Andrej Kokkonen
Helena Aaberg | idw
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