The researchers, whose focus is response requirements and social impacts, found that such a disaster would result in 80,000 injuries and 3,500 fatalities. Their analysis also concluded that, due to the extensive damage to critical infrastructure and buildings, two million people would seek shelter.
Using damage and loss estimates produced by Amr S. Elnashai, director of the Mid America Earthquake Center, University of Illinois, the study principal investigator, and Lisa J. Cleveland, technical project manager with the earthquake center, the study focused on the impacts to vulnerable populations and the requirements necessary to support the 7.2 million people who would be directly impacted by such an event. Jefferson and Harrald have both academic and practical experience in crisis, disaster, and emergency management. They traveled extensively through the New Madrid Seismic Zone in connection with their research.
The New Madrid Seismic Zone is a 150-mile-long fault system spanning four states in the Central United States. Historic earthquakes in the region, such as the 1811–1812 earthquakes, are believed to have had magnitudes of approximately 8.0 if measured on the Richter scale. The geology in the Central United States based on soil liquefaction makes earthquake damage in that area much more widespread. There are approximately 12 million people in the high risk area; there are 44 million people in the entire New Madrid Seismic Zone region.
Earthquake study https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/14810
Jefferson and Harrald awarded FEMA grant to study New Madrid Seismic Zone http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/story.php?relyear=2008&itemno=539
Theresa Jefferson http://www.ctsp.vt.edu/Biography/jefferson.html
Jack Harrald http://www.ctsp.vt.edu/Biography/harrald.html
Research professor Jack Harrald appointed chairman of National Research Council Disasters Roundtable http://www.vtnews.vt.edu/story.php?relyear=2009&itemno=488Researcher: Theresa Jefferson:
Barbara L. Micale | Newswise Science News
Europe’s Demographic Future. Where the Regions Are Heading after a Decade of Crises
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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