Between July 2006 and May 2008, 102 requests for funding for patients with “exceptional circumstances” were made to a total of 27 surrounding PCTs. The funding decision was gained for 98 patients (4 awaited) and of these, 73% had their applications approved. However, while some PCTs had approval rates of 100%, others had very high rejection rates, with three of the 27 PCTs accounting for over half of all rejections.
Dr Mark Saunders, one of the authors said, “Even though the application process is the same, each PCT interprets whether they feel that a patient’s circumstances are exceptional in a different way.” He goes on to add” some patients in a clinic may get the drug they applied for, but others, with similar circumstances, do not. This has created a lot of anxiety for patients and considerable extra work for clinicians, hospitals and PCTs.”
Furthermore there was found to be a stark variance in the time it took for the PCT to respond to the application, causing further distress for the patient and family. The average time taken was 37 days; however the range was from 0-231 days.
Although this study is concentrated in Manchester, Dr. Saunders points out, “A lack of national guidelines for the application process means that these problems are likely to be encountered across the country. These results underline patients’ anxiety regarding availability of new treatments and a post-code lottery”.
If a patient cannot gain funding via the PCT, there is now the option of top-up payments for the non-approved treatment. However for many this will be an unaffordable and unrealistic option.
New study: How does Europe become a leading player for software and IT services?
03.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI)
Reusable carbon nanotubes could be the water filter of the future, says RIT study
30.03.2017 | Rochester Institute of Technology
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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