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Public Debate: Nanomedicine… hype? Or a real revolution in healthcare?

Today, society is seeking ways of dealing with an ageing population, degenerative diseases such as cancer and arthritis, the problems of increased cardiovascular and other life style diseases such as diabetes.
Alongside this is the need to eradicate malaria, tuberculosis and Aids, and other ‘plagues’ of the 21st century. Other crises revolve around the shortage of... 16.10.2007 | nachricht Read more

Further debate needed over public engagement with science

The extent to which there is an “anti-science” culture in Britain will be one of the themes of a conference held today, Tuesday 16th October.
Speakers at the event will challenge the view that the British public is ‘anti-science’ and will suggest instead that people are selective about embracing or... 16.10.2007 | nachricht Read more

Clouds of molten droplets in the early solar system?

Comets and asteroids are a small but important part of the Solar System. Scientists have long debated how they formed: did their component grains accrete from the cloud of gas and dust – the solar nebula - that encircled the Sun at the beginning of the Solar System or did they undergo melting due to violent impacts and the presence of short-lived radioactivity?
On October 12th delegates attending the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) meeting ‘Early Solar System Processes on Meteorites’ will discuss the competing... 12.10.2007 | nachricht Read more

Global Environmental Change - The Role of the Arctic Region

On 14-17 October it will be time for the second international conference on Global Change Research in Nynäshamn, Sweden.
The theme for the conference is Global Environmental Change with the focus on the Arctic Region. The organizers are the European Science Foundation, ESF, along... 12.10.2007 | nachricht Read more

Daniel Anderson from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) at the 3rd World Congress on Regenerative Medicine

With only few days left until the 3rd World Congress on Regenerative Medicine (WCRM) in the Congress Centre in the city of Leipzig, public interest turns towards the various themes surrounding regenerative medicine.
These topics include stem cell therapies for diverse diseases, new biomaterials, tissue engineering as well as regenerative medicine in veterinary medicine... 11.10.2007 | nachricht Read more
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Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: LaserTAB: More efficient and precise contacts thanks to human-robot collaboration

At the productronica trade fair in Munich this November, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be presenting Laser-Based Tape-Automated Bonding, LaserTAB for short. The experts from Aachen will be demonstrating how new battery cells and power electronics can be micro-welded more efficiently and precisely than ever before thanks to new optics and robot support.

Fraunhofer ILT from Aachen relies on a clever combination of robotics and a laser scanner with new optics as well as process monitoring, which it has developed...

Im Focus: The pyrenoid is a carbon-fixing liquid droplet

Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.

A warming planet

Im Focus: Highly precise wiring in the Cerebral Cortex

Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.

The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...

Im Focus: Tiny lasers from a gallery of whispers

New technique promises tunable laser devices

Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...

Im Focus: Ultrafast snapshots of relaxing electrons in solids

Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!

When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

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