Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New CAM system for efficient laser material deposition

14.11.2012
The Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT has developed an offline programming system for laser material deposition. The LaCam3D program enables process developers and end-users to generate tool paths quickly, even for complex LMD tasks that have non-standard welding strategies.
The generated paths are translated into machine code, and can be tested for possible collisions via a machine simulation. LACam3D will be presented for the first time at the EuroMold from November 27.-30., 2012 in Frankfurt at the Fraunhofer joint booth, hall 11- C66a.

Unique characteristics of laser material deposition (LMD) in comparison with conventional processes are e.g. the minimalized heat input and low levels of distortion. Combined with the high degree of process accuracy and the potential for automation it offers, this results in LMD becoming increasingly important for industrial applications such as an additive, repair or manufacturing process.

Path planning

The additive manufacture of parts using LMD involves the CAD model of the part being split into horizontal, cross-sectional layers that correspond to the direction in which the part is to be built up. These are then filled out using equidistant tool paths or parallel paths, being projected onto the welding surface, according to the strategy that has been selected. For the repair of parts that have suffered operational wear and tear, the actual geometry is first measured using a laser line scanner to generate a point cloud, from which a surface model is made using reverse engineering. The volume of the defect is ascertained by determining the best fit between the actual geometry and the CAD model of the component, and is then built up using LMD.

Functionalities

LaCam3D provides functionalities for LMD strategies that enable the LMD sequence and welding direction of individual paths to be modified. Parameters like laser power and velocity can be specified and tuned for each individual tool path. When designating tool paths to fill the various layers, the user can choose between equidistant paths and parallel paths that are projected onto the surface of the layer. The paths are automatically cropped to keep within the boundary marking the edge of the defect area. The paths are planned in such a way as to allow enough oversize for the finishing process that follows, in which excess material is machined. There is a specifically designed module available to help plan paths for turbine parts made using additive manufacturing. Due to its modular structure, the program can be complemented as necessary for various applications by further modules.

Collision testing

LaCam3D is equipped with a simulation tool that can check in advance whether the planned LMD process will cause the laser processing head to collide with the part. The machine code is generated using an integrated postprocessor that supports a full range of different systems.
Modularity

As a CAM module for LMD, LaCam3D’s functionalities are designed in such a way that the process developer and end-user can generate LMD paths immediately, even for complex LMD jobs with non-standard LMD strategies. The modular structure of the program allows additional algorithms of particular LMD strategies to be integrated. Currently, a prototype of LaCam3D is used at Fraunhofer ILT in Aachen for about 2 years now, and that they are continuing to develop.

Contacts

Dr. Norbert Pirch
Competence Area Additive Manufacturing and Functional Layers
Phone +49 241 8906-636
norbert.pirch@ilt.fraunhofer.de

Dipl.-Phys. John Flemmer
Polishing Group
Phone +49 241 8906-137
john.flemmer@ilt.fraunhofer.de
Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT
Steinbachstraße 15
52074 Aachen, Germany
Phone +49 241 8906-0
Fax +49 241 8906-121

Axel Bauer | Fraunhofer-Institut
Further information:
http://www.ilt.fraunhofer.de

More articles from Trade Fair News:

nachricht COMPAMED 2016 connected medical devices and people
23.11.2016 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik

nachricht Successfully transferring Industrie 4.0 into reality
21.11.2016 | Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI

All articles from Trade Fair News >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

Silicon solar cell of ISFH yields 25% efficiency with passivating POLO contacts

08.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering

NTU scientists build new ultrasound device using 3-D printing technology

07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

The balancing act: An enzyme that links endocytosis to membrane recycling

07.12.2016 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>